Raymonda-1898 - premiere reports
Posted 07 March 2002 - 12:35 PM
* * * * *
Raymonda, Countess de Doris (Pierina Legnani)
The Countess Sybille, canoness, Raymonda's aunt (Mme Cecchetti)
The White Lady, protector of the House of Doris
Clemence, girlfriend of Raymonda (Mlle Kulichevskaya)
Henriette, girlfriend of Raymonda (Preobrazhenskaya)
The Knight Jean de Brienne (Sergei Legat)
Andrei II, King of Hungary
Abderrakhman, a Saracen knight (Pavel Gerdt)
Bernard de Ventadour, a troubadour or Provence (Georgi Kyasht)
Beranger, a troubador of Aquitaine (Nikolai Legat)
Seneschal, in charge of the castle of Doris
* * * * *
ACT I, SCENE ONE - Raymonda's Name-day
Scene I: A hall in the castle of Doris. Raymonda's 4 friends are onstage (Henriette, Clemence, Bernard and Beranger). The Senescahl issues order re: name-day celebrations.
La Traditrice: dance of 4 friends and 12 [older, I think] students.
Scene II: Sybille enters with 8 ladies in waiting. Scolds everyone for their idleness.
Reprise de la danse: No one pays any attention and they dance again.
Scene mimique: Countess demands pages put away their instruments.
La Recit de la Comtesse: Countess tells story about White Lady, protectoress of the castle, whoe statue is upstage center. The White Lady will bless them if they fulfill thei responsibilities, but not if they are idle (!).
La danse: Everyone makes fun of the superstitious old woman and dances around her.
Scene III: Servants announce arrival of messengers. Countess goes to get Raymonda.
Scene IV: Entrance of Raymonda (with variation in which she picks up flowers that girl students have put in a trail on the ground).
Scene V: Raymonda reads the letter stating Jean de Brienne will return tomorrow to marry her.
[At this point, Petipa added an entrance for the Saracen knight, Abderrakhman, who offers Raymonda gifts in honor of her name day. She is not interested and he plans to abduct her at a later time. Glazunov composed only 8 additional bars of music for all this action.]
Scene VI: 8 vassals enter and congratulate Raymonda. 24 peasant couples follow.
Grande valse: 24 peasant couples.
Pizzicato: variation for Raymonda.
Reprise de la valse: Waltz resumes with peasant couples and entree for Raymonda.
Scene mimique: Raymonda asks the seneschal to arrange a cour d'amour for the next day's wedding festivities. Everyone departs, except Raymonda and 4 friends. It is evening.
Prelude et la Romanesca: dance for 4 friends (Alexandra Danilova referred to this dance as a "character mazurka" although the music is in 4/4 time and not a mazurka.)
Prelude et variation: Harp variation for Raymonda with scarf.
Scen mimique: Raymonda lies down, fanned by pages. Clemence plays the lute. All magically fall asleep except Raymonda.
Scene VII: Apparition de la Dame Blanche: The White Lady descends from her pedestal. Raymonda is petrified but follows her out onto the terrace. Curtain falls.
* * * * *
ACT ONE, SCENE 2 - Visions
Scene VIII: A park outside the castle. White Lady is followed by Raymonda (actually Raymonda's doubles, who will watch the real Raymonda in the subsequent dances). A mist covers everything. When it lifts, Jean de Brienne and 12 knights are surrounded by 48 corps women and also children. The women crown the knights. Raymonda runs to Jean.
Grand Adagio: Raymonda and Jean pas de deux with corps groupings.
Valse Fantastique: Corps waltz.
Variation 1: Female soloist.
Variation II: Female soloist.
Variation III: Raymonda [Petipa did not use the music Glaznuvo composed for this variation. Instead, he used an arrangement of the waltz from Glazunov's "Scenes de Ballet".]
Scene IX: Raymonda goes back to the White Lady, who mimes, "Look, and learn what awaits you." Raymonda turns back to Jean and find herself face to face with Abderrakhman. Everyone else has disappeared. Extended mime conversation ensues. He wants her, she rejects him. She faints (either here or after children's dance).
Scene X and Ronde des follets et des farfadets: student will-o'-the-wisps and goblins appears and dance around Raymonda.
Scene XI: The sun rises.
Scene XII: Friends from the castle come out onto the terrace, see Raymonda, and try to revive her.
* * * * *
ACT II - Cour d'Amour
Scene I - March: A courtyard at the castle of Doris. Everyone congratulates Raymonda, but she is worried that Jean has not yet arrived. Trumpets announce special guests ...
Scene II: Abderrakhman arrives and Raymond recognizes him from her dream. Sybille reminds Raymonda of her duty of hospitality.
Scene III (Grad pas d'action): Dramatic adagio in which Abderrakhman tries to woo Raymonda. 4 friends also participate.
Variation I: Henriette or Clemence.
Variation II: Henriette or Clemence (I'm not sure who danced which variation).
Variation III: Bernard or Beranger (this variation is now often used for Jean in Act III).
Variation IV: Raymonda (horn solo).
Scene mimique: Abderrakhman presents his retinue to Raymonda and a character suite begins.
Entree des jongleurs: 30 men and 30 women. They hit sticks on the ground during the dance.
Danse des garcons arabes (Arab boys): 12 student boys. Balanchine danced this role in 1917.
Entree des Sarrazins: Saracen couple.
Grand pas espagnol: Lead couple and 12 women (this was later changed to 8 couples; the notation was first made for 16 women, then crossed out to change to 8 couples).
Danse Orientale: This was intended as a variation for Raymonda, but from all I can gather, this number was omitted in 1898.
Bacchanal: The coda of the character suite. Everyone participates and at the end Ab tries to adbuct Raymonda.
Scene IV: Jean and King Andrei arrive in the3 nick of time. Brief fighting. The king calms everyone down. Jean and Ab receive swords and prepare to duel.
Le combat: The fight itself, which has three short parts. In the third part, the White Lady appears (along with her musical theme) and Jean kills Ab. Andrei joins the hands of Jean and Raymonda.
Hymne: Everyone is relieved and celebrates.
* * * * *
ACT III - Le Festival des Noces
Le cortege hongrois: Outside at Jean's castle somewhere in France. A procession in which Raymonda and jean are congratulated by wedding guests.
Grand pas hongrois: a Hungarian divertissement in honor of the present of King Andrei II of Hungary. Petipa seems to have re-arranged the order of the dances, but I'll give them in the order in the score. This particular number is a czardas for a lead couple (Preobrazhenskaya and Bekefi) and 20 additional couples.
Dance des enfants: Children's dance for 12 student couples.
[Mazurka]: Petipa added a mazurka, from Glazunov's "Scenes de Ballet", for a lead couple (Marie Petipa and Kchesinsky) and 12 additional couples.
Entree: 8 couples plus Jean and Raymonda.
Pas classique hongrois: addagio for 8 couples, Jean and Raymonda.
Variation I: Female variation (don't know how danced it). Could have been Clemence or Henriette because both neither of the dancers portraying those roles danced in this section of the divert. Preobrezhensakaya was dancing character dances during this act.
Variation II: Female variation (don't know who danced it).
Variation III: Men's pas de quatre for Jean, Bernard, Beranger, plus Alexander Gorsky (!). Quite the line up of dancers!
Variation IV: Raymonda's piano variation.
Coda: All classical participants.
Apotheose: The apotheosis depicted a tournament. The back of the stage opened to reveal an open square in which a tournament is taking place.
END OF BALLET
Posted 07 March 2002 - 12:42 PM
Posted 05 July 2005 - 02:19 AM
Posted 05 July 2005 - 06:02 AM
This recording is 1 of 2 recordings of the complete score. And further more, it is the only recording of the performance score, conducted properly for ballet dancing and not for the concert hall.
Posted 06 July 2005 - 07:28 AM
Posted 08 July 2005 - 05:35 AM
I do know that it was indeed Riccardo Drgo that 'slightly' modified the music - mostly adding marks of expression, little stuff like that.
Posted 08 July 2005 - 06:20 AM
Title :Raymonda at 100.
Ballet review. New York. v. 26, no. 4 (winter 1998), p. 77-86.
Discussion of the original production of the ballet Raymonda which premiered in 1898 with choreography by Marius Petipa, summary of the plot, and description of several revivals.
Posted 08 July 2005 - 07:15 AM
Solor, I would love to know your source for the information on Drigo's participation in any alterations to the score.
The Harvard Theater Collection has an Imperial-era piano score that includes pencil-marked cuts for the version performed at the Maryinsky in the early years of the 20th century (it appears to go back all the way to the 1898 premiere). This includes some handwritten music, including the intro to the Arab boys' dances, and some piano reductions of single pieces, like the Scenes de Ballet mazurka.
Posted 10 July 2005 - 12:29 AM
I do know that Drigo conducted the 1st performance of the ballet, and since he was the one who changed things at the behest of Petipa for the ballets of Tchaikovsky, I don't see why he would'nt have done the same with the score of 'Raymonda'. But I dont know for sure. I always assumed that Drigo did any reduired changes. I know that the original score (I have the Naxos release conducted by Anissimov with the Msocow Symphony) and the one recorded by Fedotov (with the Orchestra of the Mariinksy; re-released by the label Classical Records in Moscow) are different in certain sections. All of the music added from 'Scenes de ballet' is included in the recording of Fedotov.
I must purchase this fine book of yours - or is it a book or an article? Info please !I did not know that there was an in depth study done of 'Raymonda'!
I would like to know, if you can, where exaclty any changes from the original score are
Posted 10 July 2005 - 08:57 AM
Drigo may well have made some changes of tempi in the conductor's score, but any changes to Raymonda do not approach those made for Swan Lake or Sleeping Beauty. To my knowledge and based on Imperial-era sources available in the West, very few changes were made at all. Additions of music were handled by Glazunov. The collaboration between Glazunov and Petipa, like that between Tchaikovsky and Petipa, appears to have been very close. However, Glazunov followed Petipa's instructions (available in English translation and also published in the original Russian) nearly to the letter, so fewer changes were made as the production approached its premiere. Other than the two interpolations mentioned(and also the apparent omission of the Act II "Dance Orientale") and a couple of minor cuts or added repeats, the score was essentially played as written.
I suggest getting hold a piano score of Raymonda. It is published in its original version with interpolations, cuts, added intros, etc.). You can compare it to the Fedotov recording. And do you have the NAXOS recording of the complete score?
Posted 10 July 2005 - 10:16 PM
Doug - where can one find your article of "Raymonda" - I would love to read it! Is it available to be read online perhaps? Please let me know !
Posted 11 July 2005 - 06:55 AM
Posted 15 July 2005 - 06:26 AM
Posted 15 July 2005 - 08:23 AM
It's a wonderful showcase for boys, with a couple of sequential parts, where each boy does, for example, double tours solo, one after another, and I'm sure the boys will have a great time pushing each other to do better and better.
Posted 27 July 2005 - 10:26 PM
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