This is the Russian version of the wikipedia site and the Russian versions almost always have much more information than the English versions, when it comes to Russia individuals.
In case, anyone cannot open up the site, here is the google translation which says under PRIVATE that she was married 3 times, near the end of the article.
Galina Ulanova ( December 26, 1909 [ 8 January 1910 ], St. Petersburg , Russian Empire - 21 March 1998 , Moscow , Russia ) - Soviet Russian ballerina , ballet teacher. , People's Artist of the USSR ( 1951 ). Twice Hero of Socialist Labor ( 1974 , 1980 ). Laureate of Lenin ( 1957 ) and four of Stalin ( 1941 , 1946 , 1947 , 1950 ) awards. Is the most titled and most of all the award among all folk artists of the USSR.
Biography [ edit | edit source code ]
Ulanova was born into a family of artists Ballet Mariinsky Theatre . Father Sergey Ulanov , went on to become a ballet director, and his mother, Maria Romanova , was a teacher Ballet School. For his career as a child ballerina did not seek.
At 9 years old was admitted to the Petrograd Ballet School, where her principal teachers were her mother - Maria Romanova (her first daughter was six years old), and then Agrippina Vaganova .
In 1928 she graduated from Ulanova Leningrad Choreographic School . After the final performance May 16 1928 Ulanova was accepted into the troupe of the Leningrad Theater of Opera and Ballet (later Leningrad State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre named after SM Kirov, in 1992, and now - the Mariinsky Theatre). The first performances of Galina Ulanova in the theater immediately attracted the attention of critics. Here, in 1929 at the age of 19 years Ulanova danced her first leading part - Odette-Odile in "Swan Lake."
In the Kirov Theater Ulanova worked until 1944 . Among her other best roles of Giselle (" Giselle "Adam, 1932 ), Maria (" The Nutcracker "by Tchaikovsky, 1934 ), Maria (" The Fountain of Bakhchisarai "Asafiev, 1934 ). But the biggest success was the creation of Ulanova unique image of Juliet in Prokofiev's " Romeo and Juliet "( 1940 , choreographer Lavrovskiy ).About the transition to the Grand Theatre Ulanova said: "In Moscow, I would have never moved, so much the authorities ordered almost the Central Committee's decision on this issue was."
In 1942 arrived in Alma-Ata , worked in the company of the Kazakh State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre in Alma-Ata , where she performed the roles of Maria in "The Fountain of Bakhchisarai" Asafiev, Giselle in the ballet A.Sh.Adana and also performed at the concerts. In 1943 she was awarded the honorary title " People's Artist of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic . "
Ulanova in the ballet "Romeo
and Juliet "
In the years 1944-1960 Ulanova was the leading dancer of the Bolshoi Theatre, which also shone in " Swan Lake "," Romeo and Juliet "( 1947 ), " The Fountain of Bakhchisarai "( 1944 ), etc. The top of the tragic dance Ulanova was the role of Giselle (especially in scene of madness).
First Galina Ulanova performed in Vienna in July 1945. Performed the seventh waltz from " Chopiniana "and" Swan "," Waltz " Rubinstein with partner B. Transfiguration .
The first tour of the Bolshoi Theatre in 1956 in London , where Ulanova danced Giselle and Juliet and had a triumphant success, the likes of which, according to foreign authorities, they have not seen since the days of Anna Pavlova .
In 1960 , the last time danced " Chopiniana ", she finished a career dancer. His stage career dancer officially ended in 1962 . From 1960 to the end of his life Ulanova worked at the Bolshoi ballet master -coach. Among her pupils - a whole galaxy of stars Ekaterina Maximova , Vladimir Vasiliev , Svetlana Adyrkhayeva , Nina Timofeeva , Lyudmila Semenyaka , Nina Semizorova , Alla Mikhalchanka , Hope Grachev .
In 1964 I was chairman of the jury of the International Ballet Competition in Varna ( Bulgaria ), and in 1969 - I International Ballet Competition in Moscow.
Died 21 March 1998 in Moscow and was buried in the Novodevichy Cemetery (plot number 5).
Private [ edit | edit source code ]
She was married three times, and all three of its elected representatives - artists: director Yuri Zawadzki , actor and director Ivan Bersenev , artist Vadim Ryndin .
She did not have any hobbies, side of profession training. But, of course, have been passions: "Nature to me is the same as the music. It is also puzzling, "- said a dancer. "Before, there were horse-drawn tram in St. Petersburg. On the horses wore blinders that nothing would distract them. Here in these "blinkers" I took most of my life. Nothing prevented work, think about their profession. Most comfortable for me to state - the loneliness. I do not usually go up to anybody. If you come up to me, start talking about the theater. " She loved animals.
Was hard on yourself. Early in the morning - an hour has its own charging, which included ballet and pas. And in his later years her weight remained the same as in the artistic years - 49 kg. She was always elegant, graceful gait different light.
Honors and Awards [ edit | edit source code ]
- Twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1974, 1980)
- Honored Artist of the RSFSR ( 1939 )
- People's Artist of the RSFSR ( 1940 )
- People's Artist of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic ( 1943 )
- People's Artist of the USSR ( 1951 )
- Stalin Prize, first degree ( 1941 ) - for outstanding achievements in the art of ballet
- Stalin Prize, first degree ( 1946 ) - for the performance in the title role of the ballet "Cinderella" C. Prokofiev
- Stalin Prize, first degree ( 1947 ) - for the performance in the title role of the ballet "Romeo and Juliet" by S. Prokofiev
- Stalin Prize of the second degree ( 1950 ) - for his interpretation of the Tao-Hoa in ballet " The Red Poppy " by R. Glier
- Lenin Prize ( 1957 )
- Award of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of Literature and Art (1997) 
- Four of the Order of Lenin (1953, 1979, 1974, 1980)
- Four of the Order of the Red Banner (1939, 1951, 1959, 1967)
- Order "Badge of Honor" (1940)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1986)
- Order "Cyril and Methodius" I degree ( Bulgaria ) (1968)
- Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters ( France ) (1992)
- Order Parasat (1995, Kazakhstan )
- The medal "For the Defense of Leningrad"
- Medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
- Medal "For Finland, the" Order of the Lion of Finland (1958)
- Prize and Gold Medal Exhibition of Economic Achievements (1971)
- Anna Pavlova Prize of the Paris Academy of Dance (1958)
- Award Viotti (1959, Vercelli , Italy )
- Oscar Award Purcell "Living for the Dance" (1988, Milan )
- The prize " Golden Mask "in the nomination" For the honor and dignity "(1995)
- Corresponding member of the Academy of Arts of the GDR (1959)
- Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1961)
- Honorary member of the foreign
- Honorary Citizen of Moscow ( 1997 )
In 1953 at the studio " thumbnail "for the film" Masters of Russian Ballet ". The film includes snippets of ballets Boris Asafiev " The Fountain of Bakhchisarai "and" Flames of Paris "and the ballet" Swan Lake " P. Tchaikovsky . Galina Ulanova performed in this film is one of the major parties.
Filmography [ edit | edit source code ]
Memory [ edit | edit source code ]
The plaque Galina Ulanova on Malaya Morskaya street, 13/8 in St. Petersburg
- Creativity ballerina devoted documentaries "Galina Ulanova" (Black and white, 1963, directed by Christy L. and M. Slavinskaya ), "Ulanova World" (that "Screen" DH, 1981, directed by A. Simonov and Vasiliev) and the book "Galina Ulanova" V. Bogdanov-Berezovsky (Moscow, 1961), "Days with Ulanova" A. Kahn (Moscow, 1963), Boris Lvov-Anokhin G "Alina Ulanova" (Moscow, 1984) "Galina Ulanova:" I did not want to dance "by S. Davlekamova (Moscow, 2005).
- In 1981 in Paris as part of an organized UNESCO gala evening premiere of the ballet "In honor of Ulanova" (choreographed by Vladimir Vasiliev).
- The only dancer - she was living at the monuments in St. Petersburg at the Alley of Heroes of the Moscow Victory Park (1984, sculptor Anikushin )  and the Stockholm front of the Museum Dance (1984, sculptor E. Janson Manizer).
- In the Netherlands, was launched variety of tulips "Ulanova".
- In France, the famous hall " Pleyel "was opened after reconstruction performance in her honor.
- Apartment Ulanova in Moscow made the memorial museum .
- Name of Galina Ulanova jewelry set diamond weighing 164.70 carats produced in March 1998 on the diamond pipe "Lucky" in Western Yakutia. Diamond, "Galina Ulanova" joins a collection of over 400 unique and well-known registered Yakut diamonds, which are a national treasure of Russia.
- 12 June 2003 in Almaty, on the facade of the building on the street, Almaty, 140 is a memorial plaque in memory of the stay of Galina Ulanova in Alma-Ata during the evacuation.
- 8 January 2004 in St. Petersburg, in the courtyard of the St. Petersburg Academy of Russian Ballet. Vaganova was a monument to Galina Ulanova sculptor E. Janson Manizer.
- 26 March 2008 on the wall 1/125-B on the coast waterfront , where the dancer had lived 47 years, was a memorial plaque   .
- In Russia Fund was established Galina Ulanova.
- 1 December 2009 The Central Bank of Russia announced the release of a commemorative silver coin to 2 rubles dedicated to the centenary of the birth of Galina Ulanova. Coins issued edition 5000 pieces and are made of 925 silver, weight 15.5 grams of pure metal (half an ounce). Despite the release date of the coins bear the date 2010 .
- In honor of the centenary of the birth of Galina Ulanova were given gala concerts: January 8 "Mona Lisa of the Russian Ballet", held at the Mariinsky Theatre and 16 January at the Grand Theatre.
- 21 July 2011 on the facade of the house 13/8 on Malaya Morskaya Street (former Gogol Street) in St. Petersburg, where Ulanova lived from 1926 to 1935, was a memorial plaque   .
Bibliography [ edit | edit source code ]
- On coins and postage stamps
Reverse 2 rubles commemorative coin with a portrait of Ulanova
Galina Ulanova, Russian brand in 2000
Notes [ edit | edit source code ]
References [ edit | edit source code ]
- Golubev (Potapov) Dance Galina Ulanova. - AL : The WTO, 1948. - 172 p. - 10,000 copies.
- Bogdanov-Berezovsky VM Galina Ulanova. - M .: Arts, 1949. - 192 p. - 10,000 copies.
- Galina Ulanova. - M .: Arts, 1953. - 16. - 10,000 copies.
- Lvov-Anokhin BA Ulanova . - M .: Arts, 1954. - 32. - 10,000 copies.
- Lvov-Anokhin BA Lenin Prize Galina Ulanova. - M .: Knowledge, 1958. - 32. - 94,000 copies.
- Bogdanov-Berezovsky Galina Ulanova. - M .: Arts, 1961. - 212 p. - 50,000 copies.
- Fuhmann F. Galina Ulanowa . - Berlin: Henschelverlag, 1961. - 84.
- Albert E. Kahn Days with Ulanova = Days With Ulanova; An Intimate Portrait of the Legendary Russian Ballerina. - 2nd. - NY.: Simon and Schuster / Fireside, 1979. - 235 p. - ISBN 978-0671242947
- A. Kahn Days with Ulanova . - Moscow: Izd. Lit., 1963. - 230.
- Boris Lvov-Anokhin Galina Ulanova. - M .: Arts, 1970. - 280 p. - (Life in Art). - 50,000 copies.
- Boris Lvov-Anokhin Galina Ulanova. - 2nd. - M .: Arts, 1984. - 350 p. - 50,000 copies.
- Dainiak A. Galina Ulanova. - Minsk: Literature, 1998. - 208. - (The life of famous people). - 11,000 copies. - ISBN 985-437-622-2
- Kravchenko T. Galina Ulanova. - Moscow-Smolensk: Olympus RUSICH, 1999. - 464. - (Woman - a myth). - 15,000 copies. - ISBN 5-7390-0677-5 , 5-8138-0024-7
- Davlekamova S. Galina Ulanova: I did not want to dance . - M .: AST-Press, 2005. - 348. - ( Ballet Stars ). - 5000 copies. - ISBN 5-94464-068-5
- Kartasheva E. My favorite Galina. - M .: Aquarius Publishers, 2006. - 104. - 500 copies. - ISBN 5-902312-74-4
- Gaevsky Galina Ulanova. - M .: World encyclopedias Avanta + Astrel, 2010. - 128 p. - 3000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-98986-347-1 , 978-5-271-26376-7
- Tarasov B How did the legend. The mystery of Galina Ulanova. - R-on-Don.: Phoenix, 2010. - 288. - (Avenue of Stars). - 2500 copies. - ISBN 978-5-222-17707-5
- Albert E. Kahn Days with Ulanova = Days With Ulanova: An Intimate Portrait Of The Legendary Russian Ballerina. - Third. - NY.: Kessinger Publishing, LLC, 2010. - 258 p. - ISBN 978-1169749405
- Davlekamova S. Galina Ulanova: I did not want to dance. - 2nd. - M .: AST-Press, 2011. - 348. - ( Ballet Stars ). - 3000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-462-01066-8
on Commons ?