Clement Crisp interview on what is wrong with ballet today
Posted 26 December 2001 - 01:46 PM
What do you think?
Posted 26 December 2001 - 03:50 PM
I did find this section to be rather thought provoking:
[quote]That generation of dancers, which was so accomplished, didn’t know how to pass it on, did not understand the urgency of the need.
And they had no understanding, it seems to me, of the past. Some of the Fokine repertory comes back, a bit of the Nijinska, occasionally - but I’ve always believed that a company like the Royal Ballet should be full of dancers who know the stylistic differences between Petipa, Nijinska, Balanchine, Massine, Fokine - and also had those works in their bodies, just as any pianist will know his Bach, his Beethoven and Mozart. If you don’t have that kind of general knowledge in your body, even as corps de ballet, everything has to be “retaught” and reinterpreted and further degraded each time. The great thing about Russian tradition is that everything is nursed and looked after, it is rigorously handed down, and there is no fooling around with changing this, changing that - as Ashton has been changed, shall we say. Style is going, so that you must accept dancers kicking their legs up in the air in entirely the wrong places. That occasionally happens in St Petersburg too, of course. But it was interesting that the great Aurora we saw this summer from the Kirov was Janna Ayupova, who was markedly better than that tedious Zakharova kicking her legs up into six o'clock all the time.
And then one looks at a Royal Ballet repertory which brings in ‘Don Quixote’, which the Royal Ballet is never going to be able to dance, not even as well as the Paris Opéra, because they don’t have the right coaching. They have no one who understands the energy, the vigour, the panache.
And do wonder if some of what he says here has a basis in truth...I cannot speak with regard to The Royal Ballet...but I ask this question in regard to the ballet world in general. Is there truly a loss of "lineage"...of knowledge being handed down from generation to generation?
Clement Crisp definitely gets the award for Curmdugeon of Critics!
Thanks Alexandra - I enjoyed reading the interview.
[ December 26, 2001: Message edited by: BW ]
Posted 27 December 2001 - 05:40 PM
Posted 27 December 2001 - 08:15 PM
There is much to remark on here, and I do not have the expertise to comment on much of what he has to say, but it does seem plain that the Royal Ballet began with a great basis upon which to found an enduring national classical tradition and has pretty much muffed it. As for the "no personalities" thing -- with all due respect to Crisp, who's seen a lot more than I have, this does seem to be a perennial complaint, heard every couple of decades or so.
Posted 28 December 2001 - 01:59 AM
[quote] Style is
going, so that you must accept dancers kicking their legs up in the air
in entirely the wrong places.
There's nothing which annoys me more than six o'clock arabesques!
I don't agree about his ideas on Kylian and Mats Ek (above all the latter, whose Giselle is for me a true masterpiece).
Posted 28 December 2001 - 07:54 AM
Dirac wrote that the "no personalities" complaint turns up "every couple of decades or so," and I agree with that, but that doesn't invalidate Crisp's complaints. I think there's a notion that every generation scoffs at the next one coming up, but this isn't so. Stars are recognized when they appear. Nobody ever said Nureyev didn't have personality smile.gif
They do seem to come in waves. Taglioni, Elssler, Cerrito. Although there will always be individuals who disagree, the consensus was rapture -- no one was complaining "she's no Bigatoni." In fact, Taglioni was treasured becuase she DID remind people of the stars of a generation or two ago. And after the first stars of the Romantic Era, there was a lull. A very long lull, broken only by the tragically brief careers of Emma L and Guiseppina B, both of whom were the kind of dancers that, even as 16-year-olds were Stars. There weren't complaints about Pavlova, Karsavina, Nijinsky and Bolm, nor about Markova, nor Alonso, nor Lifar (there were lots of complaints about Lifar, but lack of personality or individuality was not one of them). And when Margot came along people didn't write, "Well, she's nice, but she's certainly no Markova." When Nureyev first danced in Russia there were sighs of, "Finally! Another Chabukiani. We can revive some of his roles."
I think during the lulls -- and I very much agree with Crisp that we're in one, have been there for a long time, and the dancers who are called "great" now are not, in my opinion, at the same level of their predecessors -- one hears "oh, they always say that and he's an old **** and don't pay any attention." But the moment the real thing comes along, people recognize it.
Posted 02 January 2002 - 01:10 PM
As for the break in tradition, I was really struck by the report in ballet.co that in an interview, Cojocaru reported learning Symphonic Variations very quickly, from a tape of Cynthia Harvey, and from reading notes while riding the subway (or rather the underground!) It was so stunning to think that at the Royal Ballet someone was dancing that major, difficult and subtle role not having grown up watching it, and seeming not to understand that it is more than just a certain type of epaulment. I would have thought that reading about WWII would be more revealing than just watching a video, or that talking to Harvey, who after all did learn it from Ashton, might have been arranged.
Posted 02 January 2002 - 01:53 PM
I agree with your comments on Cojacaru. We're running an interview with her in the next DanceView (by Marc Haegeman) in which she makes very similar comments. She's not complaining, just describing how things are.
I think that goes to both Crisp's and Tobias's article -- there may very well be young dancers who could be ballerinas (and I think Cojacaru is one of them) but they not only have no choreographers and get no help from their companies, in some cases they're actually pushed off-course by the companies.
[ January 02, 2002: Message edited by: alexandra ]
Posted 02 January 2002 - 02:49 PM
I do agree that no longer having a resident choreographer is a bad thing, and we need to develop the talents of the choereographers we do have at RB (and we do have them!)
And I disagree most vehemently that the principal dancers in RB at the moment are not fit to dance the roles! How dare he! We have some great dancers, but there does seem to be a gap between principal dancers of Darcey Bussell's age and principal dancers of Alina Cojocaru's age - there is little in between, except in soloist rank.
Regarding the amount of non-English schooled dancers in RB at the moment... I have always thought of it that we are the best of the best and everyone wants to come and dance here, so we have the bast dancers from all over the world. I do strongly believe we need to keep the English style in the repertoire, but i don't neccesarily think we need English dancers to dance in the English ballets.
i've just read this back and i've said "we" a lot, like I am in RB... i'm not, I just love the company. smile.gif
Posted 02 January 2002 - 03:52 PM
Posted 02 January 2002 - 04:53 PM
I'm all for debunking myths, but sometimes the debunking itself becomes a myth, and this seems to be happening now with Fonteyn. I've read a lot about that period and I can't remember ever reading "She's no Markova!" but I'd be very interested in reading that, if someone can find it. One other point on Fonteyn that may seem paradoxical. She was accepted as a ballerina very early, and yet she's considerered not to have reached her peak until very late -- when she was in her 40s (after the partnership with Nureyev began). He pushed her technically and emotionally. It's hard to understand this, not having seen her grow from that girl of 15 to the woman of 45 who, by several accounts I've read and heard, delivered an extraordinary performance at the Royal Ballet's premiere of Kingdom of Shades "besting" not only the three soloists, all ballerinas or ballerinas-to-be, but Nureyev. I suppose this goes to what Crisp and (on another thread/link, more specifically, Tobi Tobias) said about all of the things that go into making a ballerina besides birthright. If Fonteyn hadn't had Ashton, hadn't had an institution that nurtured her, she may well have remained Fontes.
Lolly, thanks for joining in and don't be shy of speaking with a partisan voice smile.gif It's nice to have a "we" be for the Royal Ballet instead of ABT or NYCB, so you are most welcome.
You raise several interesting points, and I thought I'd address the "passing it on" one. Often great dancers don't make great coaches, and even when they do, they're only part of what makes a dancer. If a ballet is revived that the company management doesn't care about -- and the dancers will know this -- the original cast could come in and coach and it probably wouldn't matter. The dancers also need enough rehearsal time and, probably most importantly, they need to absorb the style, the way of moving, in their bodies and they need to dance that way consistently. Someone may be able to produce an interesting moment in a masterclass, but it will be gone when the ballet, given only two performances, say, comes back into repertory next spring.
[ January 02, 2002: Message edited by: alexandra ]
Posted 03 January 2002 - 04:16 AM
There seems to have been a feeling among the older balletomanes at this date that only Russians could really dance. Arnold Haskell, in his book "Balletomania" (1934 and just pre-Fonteyn) says he believes from experience that Russians are "physically and temperamentally better suited" to ballet than any other nationality. The teenage Fonteyn's adverse critics compared her with Toumanova and Baronova, her exact contemporaries. She was less experienced than they were, and certainly less showy. Markova was considered an honorary Russian, although she was English, and is actually included in a list of Russian dancers in Haskell's "Ballet", written in 1937, when Fonteyn was 18. Fonteyn is in his list of English dancers. By this date he appears to have reconsidered his view that only Russians can dance. He says of the 27 year old Markova that she is a dancer in the direct line of Pavlova and Spessiva, though "technically she is less finished and her emotional range is smaller". Of Fonteyn (aged 18, remember) he says "Together with Baronova, she has the greatest range in contemporary ballet....in Giselle she gives the most outstanding performance to be seen in ballet today."
There are also some very revealing comments in the later book by William Chappell, "Fonteyn: Impressions of a Ballerina" published in 1951. (This book was my constant companion when I was eleven!) He says that at the very start of her career, when she was 15 or so, many older balletomanes were not convinced. And even later, he says "She was not a showy dancer. Pyrotechnics and dazzle did not enter into her work at this time. She danced with a quiet unforced ease, and a charming modesty which reflected truthfully her offstage personality. It was, needless to say, too gentle for the public taste, and in the early years of her career her gifts were not obvious enough for the ballet audience. They could readily appreciate a series of brilliant fouettes or rapid pirouettes, but the beauties that lie in a harmonious line, a clean flow of movement and the poise of a head were invisible to the majority." (Still true, I'm afraid!) He also makes the telling comment that "I can think of no great dancer who has appeared similar to another great dancer." It was clear to him by the time Fonteyn was 15 that she was "growing up to be Fonteyn and not Fonteyn/Markova".
There are no adverse comments on Fonteyn's technique in these books, only comments on her lack of "showiness". I think it may have been Ashton's comment about her feet being "buttery" when she was a little girl that may have started the idea that she was "no Markova". I certainly remember Markova as being a "sharp" mover and Fonteyn as being a "soft" mover.
Whatever the public thought, many critics were predicting Fonteyn's career by the time she was 15. My mother, a young balletomane at the time, was never in any doubt that she was going to be a great dancer, and had the sense not to compare her with anyone.
[ January 03, 2002: Message edited by: Helena ]
[ January 03, 2002: Message edited by: Helena ]
Posted 03 January 2002 - 06:07 AM
On the subject of the innate conservatism of most ballet fans - Clement Crisp included, though I deeply respect his views, and agree with many of them - I cannot resist quoting a wonderful poem, originally a revue sketch, by Herbert Farjeon, dating, I think, from the 1930s, "When Bolonsky danced Belushka":
"Of ballet fans we are the cream,
We never miss a night;
The ballet is our only theme
Our Russian accent is a dream,
We say the name of every prim-
A ballerina right."
"It's true that many lesser clans
For ballet also thirst,
But they are merely nouveau fans,
It's we who liked it first,
And we who know it best, becos,
Ask any connoisseur,
The ballet isn't what it was,
When we were what we were."
and further on in the poem:
"When Bolonsky danced Belushka in September 1910,
What a wonderful night that was! what a wonderful sight that was!
We are positive that nobody has really danced since then!"
"Something happened then YOU'll never never, never see,
So don't talk about these others, but apply your mind to me....
Though today's Boutique Fantasque'll do for Haskell and his lot,
It is not good enough for us! It is rather too rough for us!
We miss the old precision, on the beat and on the dot!"
And it finishes:
"You'll never know the throb, the glow, the bliss that we knew then,
When Bolonsky danced Belushka in September 1910!"
So, you see, things never change.
Posted 03 January 2002 - 10:52 AM
So in that way things don't change. But I think Crisp is talking about a company's diminution compared to itself, rather than looking at a company at its best and moaning that they're not like the Russians. While the complaints, in this instance, about the Royal aren't new, they've been consistent since the 1970s, and become more insistent during first the Morrice and then the Dowell directorships.
I think there will always be SOME people who will have a favorite and not be able to stand seeing anyone else in those ballets. There probably were prople who thought that Sibley and Seymour "were no Fonteyns" but I think most thought they were simply different, and were happy that the company was turning out a new generation of ballerinas. There was enormous excitement about the Byrony Brind generation that came out of the School at the beginning of the 1980s -- ah! The company would be renewed! But it didn't happen.
[ January 03, 2002: Message edited by: alexandra ]
Posted 03 January 2002 - 10:58 AM
I also like Fontyen's own letter to a friend when she heard that Markova was leaving the company: "I cannot think what will happen.. without her; we shall all have to work very hard, but even hard work won't make a Prima Ballerina if there isn't one". I don't think, from what one reads about her at that age (16), that she was being disingenuous.
(Helena, have you got a lovely book called Talking of Ballet, by Jasper Howlett (a pseudomyn, I believe)? It's a fan's view of the early Vic Wells seasons and he/she certainly picked out Fonteyn at an early stage.)
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