Ballet step names
Posted 10 July 2003 - 01:00 PM
Posted 10 July 2003 - 02:23 PM
Barre - pronounced bar ( I put this in because a LOT of people misspell this word)
Plié - plee AY; bending movement, as in demi plié and grande plié
Tendu - tahn dew; from etendre, to stretch. It is a stretch of the foot to a pointed position in front, side or back.
Dégagé - day gah ZHAY; also known as glissé or battement jeté. An elongated tendu, one which disengages from the floor.
Rond de jambe - rond duh zhamb; round of the leg. The working leg moves in a circular motion, either front to back (en dehors) or back to front (en dedans).
En dehors - on duh OR; outward, moving away from center, or front to back
En dedans - on duh DAHN; inward, moving towards the center, or back to front
Port de bras - por duh bra; carriage of the arms
Fondu - just as it looks, fondu; melting acting, as in bending on one leg into a demi plié
Frappé - frap AY; to strike. An exercise at the barre for quick ankle and knee motion. Can be done with an actual strike on the floor with the ball of the foot, or with a pointed foot. Different methods do this exercise rather differently.
Retiré- ruh tee RAY; withdraw. A position of the working leg with the toe on the knee of the supporting leg, used for pirouettes and pointe work and on the way to a developpé.
Developpé - dev low PAY; to unfold or develop. Leg moves from 5th with toe sliding up the leg to the knee and then unfolding outward to the front, the side, or the back.
Petit Battement - puh tee bat mahn; small beats. Working foot moves very quickly back and front around the ankle in a sur le cou de pied position.
Grand Battement - grand bat mahn; big beats An overgrown dégagé! Working leg goes through tendu and dégagé and is "thrown", or lifted, to a position as high as possible (within reason of course ;)), and comes down through the tendu and into the 5th position.
Posted 10 July 2003 - 04:40 PM
Positions of the body done with tendus, at least:
Croisé devant (crwa-ZAY duh-VAHN') [the ' is a glottal stop]The body faces 45º to the audience with the working leg crossed in front, with the same arm as supporting leg raised, the other to the dancer's shoulder level. Dancer looks away from working arm/leg.
Quatrième devant (KOT-ree-aym duh-VAHN') Body faces front, working leg goes straight front, arms are at the sides at shoulder level in second position.
Effacé devant (ef-fahs-AY duh-VAHN') Body faces 45º from straight front, working leg is open to the audience pointing directly in front of the dancer's torso. Same arm as working leg raised, head inclined and turned a bit away from the working leg so Mr. Balanchine can give you a kiss when he walks by.
Écarté devant (ay-car-TAY duh-VAHN') Body is 45º from straight front, one foot is pointed to the downstage side to the side of the dancer's torso. Same arm as working leg is raised. Line of view of dancer's eyes and head looking upward in the general direction of the upraised hand. Other arm is as in second.
A la seconde (a la seh-GKAWN) [the GK is halfway between a G and a K) Body faces straight front, the working leg goes to the side of the dancer and both arms are in second position.
Écarté derrière ( ay-car-TAY deh-RYEHR) Same idea as the devant, except that the working leg points UPstage and the dancer's eyes and and head follow the line of the downstage arm.
Effacé derrière ( oh figure it out) Dancer is facing 45º from straight front, and back leg is pointed behind the dancer, but open to the audience. Working arm and leg are the same, and dancer looks under upraised arm, with eyes and head lifted as if in écarté devant.
Épaulé devant (ay-pole-AY...) and derrière Similar to to effacé derrière, but arms are in oppositon to the legs, the working leg's arm being front and the supporting leg's arm going back to make a second arabesque. Devant faces 45º from front, derrière faces 135º from front, toward an upstage corner. The head looks back at the audience in the latter.
Quatrième derrière (you've got the hang of this now) Just like the one devant, but the working foot points straight back.
Croisé derrière Just like the one devant, but the working foot points upstage, and the dancer looks under the raised arm, which is the same as the supporting leg.
:mondieu: Next - arabesques!!! :speechless:
Posted 10 July 2003 - 05:07 PM
(I'll delete this post in a day or two, but I didn't want you to think I was ungrateful!!!!)
Posted 10 July 2003 - 05:21 PM
alexandra - this formatting is very helpful. (likewise delete this post, later)
my post is just mainly to point out that, in english-speaking countries outside of the USA, to my knowledge anyway, there is no such things as 'centre barre' - this is regarded as a tautology (or is it an aphorism, a whatasit or a whojamajig?) in the english-speaking countries i have been to (outside of USA) -
barre is AT the rail-thing.
center is NOT at the rail-thing!
Edited by grace, 10 July 2003 - 05:43 PM.
Posted 10 July 2003 - 05:26 PM
Posted 10 July 2003 - 05:31 PM
I don't see the need for a separate thread for arabesques, as they are "steps" too! In fact, they are steps, and I even prefer to think of them as things that move, as opposed to "poses", because poses become too rigid. :hyper:
Posted 10 July 2003 - 05:45 PM
victoria - of course i agree with you. i was just trying to come up with a way to keep the thread shorter...sorry.
Posted 10 July 2003 - 10:18 PM
Posted 11 July 2003 - 02:18 PM
Hope this is still within this thread discussion
Posted 22 October 2003 - 05:16 PM
I know this thread is from July, but I just wanted to say, "Ooh! Ooh! That's an oxymoron!"
thanks mel - OK, so it's not a 'tautology', but 'paradox' is definitely not the word i was after. THAT one i DO know. i was after the term that means 'inherently contradictory'...?
Posted 22 October 2003 - 07:53 PM
Posted 11 December 2003 - 06:33 PM
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